AIA/ETS Lecture - Howard Cyr, "Connecting the Dots: Benefits of an Integrated Geoarchaeological and Geophysical Approach at the Late Roman Fort of `Ayn Gharandal, Southern Jordan"
Using recent investigations of the Roman military site of `Ayn Gharandal, located along the eastern margin of the Wadi Arabah desert in southern Jordan, this paper focuses on the benefits of an integrated geoarchaeological and geophysical research design to examine local environmental settings before, during, and after Roman occupation. Near-surface geophysical and geoarchaeological techniques have a long and successful record of accomplishment in Near Eastern archaeological research. Separately, each approach provides minimally invasive methods that augment traditional archaeological practices and allows for rapid and efficient collection of subsurface data across large areas and within sensitive and logistically complex sites.
Although both are relied upon at various stages of investigation, they are rarely employed in tandem. The two approaches provide independently verifiable results and remedy some of the problems inherent to each technique. In support of geophysical analyses, geoarchaeological techniques such as sediment core analysis and geomorphological analysis of remotely sensed data such as aerial photography and satellite imagery provide an effective means to ground truth gradiometery and ground penetrating radar data. The subsurface data collected through geophysical analyses allow for a reliable correlation of sediment core and unit profile data across an area. Tied to specific points in space, these multi-disciplinary datasets provide support for site-based archaeological interpretations and inform on broad-scale changes in environmental, hydrological, and geomorphological conditions at ‘Ayn Gharandal.
Tuesday, October 8, 2019 at 7:30pm
Frank H. McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture, Auditorium
1327 Circle Park, Knoxville, TN 37996