CBE Seminar: Tzia Ming Onn
Title: Catalyst Design and Tunable Properties: Charging and Regenerating Catalyst
Advancement in heterogeneous catalysis is essential in solving global sustainability related problems such as reducing emissions, repurposing plastic, valorizing biomass, and more. One possible approach is through rational design of solid-state catalyst that will enable optimal catalyst-promoter interactions for tunable chemical-structure properties and, more importantly, enable the utilization of renewable stimuli such as electrons/photons for rate and selectivity enhancements in chemical reactions. However, such an approach by conventional preparation methods is not trivial especially for complex multi-component systems. These methods have limitations in scalability, and they typically lead to structural irregularities such as large crystallite formations, segregation of components, multi-faceted surfaces, mixed/multi structural phases, and more.
My approach adopted and modified thin film processes such as Atomic Layer Deposition or layer-by-layer deposition to engineer non-metals and metals on support materials with atomic-level precision and exceptional compositional control. This has allowed for hierarchical nanostructures of complex oxides such as LaFeO to be fabricated with ease under mild conditions owing to the precise positioning of the atoms. When these film structures were used to support metal nanoparticles, for example in the case of Pd supported on LaFeO3 film, the catalysts displayed excellent regenerative capabilities and resilience to deactivation such as coking and sintering for emissions control applications. Additionally, introducing conductive thin films (such as graphene, etc.) on dielectric-based support materials allowed charge density manipulation of active sites; this reprogrammed the catalytic sites to affect activity and selectivity for chemical reactions. Unlike electrochemical processes, which relies on ion transport through a liquid electrolyte, my work here centered on condensing charges on a solid-state thermocatalytic capacitor platform (aka “a catalytic condenser”) that can be used in gas and liquid phase reactions at higher temperatures (T > 200 deg C) and pressures. These catalytic condensers, for example in the case of Pt on graphene, accumulated and depleted charges on the Pt active sites that modulated the adsorbate (CO) binding energy reversibly in temperature programmed desorption experiments.2 In addition, the use of electrons/charges, having higher mobilities than ions, enables the concept of ‘catalyst dynamics’ with tunability and operations at time scales of microseconds (1,000,000 Hz), 1000 times faster than ‘reactor dynamics’, developed in the 1970s, that relied on changes in reaction operation parameters such as pressure and temperature. This concept of catalytic promotion is important because it could theoretically enhance rates of important reactions such as ammonia synthesis or carbon dioxide hydrogenation by orders of 10 times or more above the Sabatier limit.
Tzia Ming Onn is currently a postdoctoral fellow in the Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Department at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities. Onn graduated from Johns Hopkins University with a BS in Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. Onn then joined the Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering program at the University of Pennsylvania, where he earned his PhD under the supervision of Raymond J. Gorte. His thesis focused on developing nanostructured catalysts using a thin film process called Atomic Layer Deposition for emissions control reactions. After obtaining his PhD, Onn joined Intel Corporation as a TD Module Integration Yield and Development Engineer and worked on the development of the Intel 4 and Intel 3 process in the Thin Film and Planarization Area. After three years of industry experience in process development, Onn then pursued a postdoctoral fellowship in the laboratory of Paul J. Dauenhauer at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities, where he combined various thin film processes and nanotechnology to fabricate an electro- thermo- catalytic platform to demonstrate the concept of catalytic resonance or catalyst dynamics.
Tuesday, February 14, 2023 at 4:00pm to 5:00pm
Dougherty Engineering Building, 416
1512 Middle Drive, Knoxville, TN 37996